WHO WERE HIS PARENTS?
Ludwig Wilhelm was the only child of an unhappy marriage. His father, Ferdinand Maximilian, had married the Princess of Savoyen-Carignan, who categorically refused to leave Paris for the provincial Baden-Baden. Her close connection to the French crown provided Ludwig Wilhelm with a famous godfather: Louis XIV, later his arch enemy. Ludwig Wilhelm's father died early. Thus, he succeeded his grandfather Wilhelm to the throne in 1677.